After completion of one or two teeth, the blank and cutter stop feeding and the cutter is withdrawn and indexed back to its starting position, thus enabling a brief rack cutter of a practical duration to be used. Cutter is once again fed back again to depth and cycle is repeated. Amount of teeth is controlled by the gear rack for Machine Tool Industry china device gearing, and pitch and pressure angle by the rack cutter. This method is used for generation of external spur gears, being preferably suited for cutting large, double helical gears. For creating helical tooth, the cutter slides tend at the apparatus tooth helix angle.
The hob is fed in to the gear blank to the correct depth and the two are rotated together as if in mesh. One’s teeth of the hob cut in to the function piece in successive order and each in a somewhat different position. Each hob tooth cuts its profile depending on the form of cutter , however the accumulation of these straight cuts creates a curved type of the gear teeth, therefore the name generating process. One rotation of the work completes the trimming upto certain depth upto which hob is fed unless the gear includes a wide face.
This methodis specifically adopted to cutting large teeth which are difficult to cut by formed cutter, and to cut bevel-gear teeth. It isn’t widely used at the moment.
In gear planing process, the cutter contains true involute rack which reciprocates over the face of the blank and the blank rotates in the right relationship to the longitudinal movement of the cutter as though both roll with each other as a rack and pinion. At first the cutter is fed into complete tooth depth with cutter reciprocating and blank stationary. Involute form is produced as the blank rotates and involute rack cutter feeds longitudinally.
In the other technique, both roughening and finishing cuts are taken with single pointed tools. The usage of the formed device for finishing is impracticable for the bigger pitches which are completed by a single pointed tool. The amount of cuts required depends upon how big is the tooth, quantity of stock to be taken out, and the kind of material.